Friday, June 8, 2018


 Indo-Aryan dialect spoken by approximately 400,000 people in Western Nepal (or two per cent of Nepal) living in the districts of Kapilbastu of Lumbini zone, and Banke and Bardiya districts of Bheri zone. There are several alternative names of this language because of their diverse geographical locations and social contacts as well as its multiple and diverse dialects and communication systems.


Avalokiteswar is a popular and widely worshipped deity in Nepal as the God providing reprieve, he is believed to be available whenever his devotees want his help. In other words, he is like a God on call who is always quick to come to help. In-spite of being a God from the Buddhist pantheon, it is interesting to note that he is popular not only among the Buddhists but among the Hindus as well. The countless number of his statues scattered in and around the Kathmandu Valley demonstrate his popularity. This deity is said to have 108 different forms. Some of the most widely worshipped Awalokiteswaras are Adinath Avalokiteswar, Bungan Avalokiteswar, (Rato Machhendra), Seto Padmanpani Avalokiteswar.

One reasons for his popularity is the concept of Karuna, meaning compassion. Introduced under Mahayana Buddhism, this theory of Karuna is an effective wonder drug that heals the worries of the depressed. He is generally regarded as the most public service-minded god who is said to have fully dedicated himself to the tremendous task of liberating the suffering souls of the world. (Also see Adinath Lokeswar.)


The Sanskrit word for Soul. In Hinduism, Atma or soul is the real entity (of the person), manifested in the form of life and that the physical existence is simply the visible person or a kind of external cover to it. As it has originated from Bramhah or the eternity, the Atma never perishes. What we know or perceive as death is simply the end of the body or the visible form or cover of the Atma. The ultimate aim of each and every Atma is to get united with the Bramhah or the eternity itself which is attained by practicing one or the other methods prescribed in multiple religious texts, tenets, treatises and schools of Hindu philosophy, in all cases, by keeping the Atma unaffected, untouched or immune to worldly desires, motives and emotions of all kinds.


Athpariya is the language spoken by the Rai community of 500,000. The Rais inhabit mainly the Eastern districts Dhankuta, Terhathum, Sankhuwasabha, Bhojpur and Sunsari. The Athpariya language is rooted in the Sino-Tibetan or Tibeto-Burman group of languages.


Atharva Veda is one of the four divine scriptures of Hindu pantheon. For further details see Vedas.


The twin sons of the Sun God. Aswins or Aswini Kumars are the Vedic Gods who ride in a golden vahana or car drawn by horses or birds are forerunners of dawn. Handsome, young and bright, Aswins are the personifications of twilight. Many myths are woven around them and their personifications are interpreted in many ways. Some say they are heaven and earth. Yet others say they are day and night.


Aswin is the sixth month according to Nepalese official calendar year known as Bickram Sambat (Please also see Bikram Sambat).  This month approximately coincides the period starting from Mid-September to Mid-October.


Asuras are also considered a kind of demons. The subjects of Ravana, the ten-headed demon or Rakshasa king of Lanka, believed to be present Sri Lanka during the time of the great epic Ramayana were known as Asuras..


According  to the Hindu mythology, Astamatrikas are the divine mother goddess or shaktis. They are variously counted as seven, eight or ten. When they are eight in numbers they are Asta matrikas. They are related with the theme of struggle between the forces of knowledge and the forces of ignorance.


Named after Emperor Ashok of India, these stupas are situated at four locations of Patan or Lalitpur: Tyata, Lagankhel, Pulchowk and Eebahi.

It is believed that Emperor Ashok visited the Kathmandu valley and that he himself had built these stupas with a view to protect and sanctify the entire city with divine protection. Built in 250 A.D. along with the advent of Buddhism in the valley of Kathmandu, these Stupas are popularly known as Ashok stupas after his name.